Sunday, November 30, 2008
During the roaring twenties, the New York Stock Exchange was the largest stock market in the world. However, in October 1929, NYSE had undergone the Great Wall Street Crash, which was the most devastating stock market crash in the history of the United States, resulting in a depression.
Trying to keep our nation’s outlook on the United States optimistic during the rough years of the Great Depression, Norman Bel Geddes designed the Patriot Radio in 1939. His intent for the radio was to be an emblem of American technology, industry, and identity. Geddes encased the patriot radio with a stars-and-stripes motif, in hopes to bolster people’s spirits.
So with that, where else would the patriot radio fit so perfectly other than on Wall Street in New York City, right inside the Stock Exchange building. After all, this would be right in the center of where everything happened in the 20’s, and rightfully, would have the most meaning at this location.
Similar place: The Patriot Radio could easily be placed at our nations capitol, Washington D.C. in any of the memorial buildings. The radio’s patriotic motif would fit perfectly at any of these locations. With the purpose of the radio being optimism for our country and it’s future. It can almost be seen as a memorial itself in a sense, used to remember the hard time during the Great Depression.
Contrasting place: The Patriot Radio really should not be placed in any non-industrialized country. The stock market crash of 1929 mainly affected the industrialized states, hence the little importance it would have anywhere else.
After having been designed for and owned by one of the richest men in the world, the Herter Brothers Library table has now found its way into a powerful lawyer’s office, who will soon have the chance to run for the senate. This office is located in the Empire State Building in Manhattan, NY where it symbolizes power and prestige. It is appropriate for the table to be located within one of the most powerful and prestigious cities in the world, which is New York City. Power and prestige are not the only attributes that the table and N.Y.C have in common. New York City started off as trading port and after World War II moved on to become one of the leading cities in the world through Wall Street, the united nations headquarters and by becoming the center of the art world. Similarly, the Herter Brothers started of as furniture makers and soon became one of the most influential and prominent designers in New York City. As a result of their flourishing company, the interior design and furniture industry flourished resulting in well made furniture and design all throughout the country. Simultaneously, the financiers and industrialists were taking advantage of these services and redefining the standards of luxury in the home.
Meanwhile in High Point, North Carolina the furniture market is being born and is also making itself known. Part of this movement is a direct result of the increased interest in interior design and furniture, which the Herter Brothers helped develop. This caused thousands of jobs to be brought into existence because of the influx of interest in furniture and design. This interest provoked designers to try and bring design to the masses, just as we have seen all throughout history.
As one zooms out and observes all that is taking place, it can be clearly seen that the Herter Brothers and their Library table, no matter how small, played a large role in the development of the interior design industry. They designed interiors for some of the most powerful and wealthiest people; people that are looked up to and admired. Thus the Library table still sits today in a prominent lawyers office in the Empire State Building in Manhattan, NY. It was here that the Library table was made and it is here that it has returned, to its rightful place of power and prestige harkening back to its history while maintaining its glory in the present.
View of Winston-Salem
Compare: Power and Prestige II (Jayson Parker) is similar to Winston-Salem through the large developed companies and the development of art in Winston-Salem as to New York City, these two cities may not be at the same scale but are on the same page.
Contrast: Place for a Tiki Lamp is much different than Winston-Salem being that the southwest states such as California and Nevada culture, lifestyles and view differ greatly from the southeast.
The Golden Bed is located in Kensington, London. Kensington is a district of West London. In particular, the Tower House, in which the Golden Bed is situated, is located in Melbury Road, known as West Kensington. West Kensington's residential area primarily consists of Victorian styled terraces. Most of the residences include large bay windows as well as thin, and tall windows. This reflects the design of the exterior of the Tower House, while the interior is of a new kind of medieval style. Kensington is a busy commercial center with many shops, declaring it Londons second best shotting street.
It would be nice for this piece of furniture to stay within the city of London, but move to a separate district. One that is completely different is Notting Hill. Notting Hill Borders North Kensington and has a entirely separate style than other districts. It is located at the North- western corner of Hyde Park. It is a cosmopolitan district known for its fashion. This area is a more up-to-date version of West Kensington, the residences are terraces of large Victorian townhouses. While the main street is compiled of high-class shopping and restaurants. In the 19th century, the district set out to become a fashionable suburb of the capital. In the urban design of this upcoming district, houses were positioned adjacent to parks, making is so that the residences had access to a communal park, and the street could no longer see the park. This location is a great place for the Golden Bed to call its new home because it keeps to the original Victorian style house, but also develops on the idea that William Burges had for his bed; and that is taking an old style such as medieval or Victorian and developing it in a way so that it becomes your own style.
Gensler Architecural Firm
Design Within Reach
Currently, the Macintosh 512K is placed at the Computer History Museum, located in Mountain View, California. The mission of this museum is to “preserve and present for posterity the artifacts and stories of the information age.” They also mention that the museum “plays a unique role in the history of the computing revolution and its worldwide impact on the human experience.” The reason this place serves its purpose is so individuals can understand how the technology has come about today. The Computer History Museum is one of the largest museums in the world preserving computing artifacts.
Similar place: The University of Virginia’s Computer Museum serves the same purpose as the Computer History Museum in California. Although the Museum at UVA is much smaller compared to the Computer History Museum, it allows viewers to see computer-related artifacts that are both historical and modern.
Contrasting place: Placing it in a residential home during the 1980’s would serve its purpose of a computer. However, having the Macintosh 512K in a home does not serve the same purpose as having it in a museum where it gives out valuable information to viewers, teaching them about our history and advancements.
Computer History Museum (Mountain View, California)
The 725 acre Palace, situated around Kunming Lake, features pavilions, temples, bridges, ancient Chinese art, over 3,000 structures and many winding paths through the dense landscape and gardens. "Guided by nature" visitors can feel the tranquility and detail given to the gardens layout. Along with magnificent gardens, the Summer Palace presents many halls, such as the Hall of Dispelling Clouds, where birthdays and special occasions were celebrated. It is here that the northern and southern garden styles of China, individually are blended together ideally to create harmony of man and nature.
Today the Summer Palace provides a relaxing getaway for domestic and international tourists, and is ranked one of the most noted and classical gardens of the world.
Compare: In comparison the umbrella holder would have also been found in Prince Gong's Palace, which also housed the royal Prince and the wealthy.
Contrast: Although many other gardens housed halls, palaces and temples the traditional Chinese gardens were not necessarily designed for royalty and the rich. Therefore, the umbrella holder would probably not be found in such common gardens.
The table saw which has been established as being in a wood shop, such as the one within our own Gatewood Studio Arts building. The Gatewood Studio Arts named after Maud Gatewood, an artist and alumna of the University of North Carolina at Greensboro. Openned for students to use in 2006 the building houses the art department and Interior Architecture department complete with art gallery, administrative offices, and workspaces. Down in the depths of the building is the wood shop. In the basement due to what it produces prototypes and near final product items. Objects made in the wood shop tend to not be very light and therefore a ground level entry way is much appreciated by the backs of students. It also places it into the background. The idea of a wood shop is a supporter for the design and building process and therefore doesn't command the building in the same way that the studio space does. Within the wood shop the table saw is one of the most commonly used tools within the space. Hence why it has been placed centrally within the wood shop. While space is limited in the building in general and especially so, the wood shop maintains the hierarchy of tools established by other wood shops. But within the The table saw once again takes center stage surrounded by its supporting members. The wood shop is used constantly and the table saw doubly so, as wood must be cut down into smaller pieces before it can be fed into some of the other devices. The sounds of saw blade spinning echoes through the concrete corridors of the Gatewood building, signifying the advancing prototype of a student’s project, or perhaps an entire studios class work culminating into a grand spectacle to shape the ages.
The Mai Tai, a perfect example of the remnants of the Tiki Movement in America.
Considering the cultural implications this artifact, the tiki lamp, embodies, there are few locations where this cultural movement would have been evident, and would have been evident through the use of such artifacts. One major location was the American south west. After the second world war, many servicemen returned home carrying tales and souvenirs of grass skirt clad natives and their peculiar culture, music, and food. Due to their familiarity with this indigenous lifestyle, Polynesian design became infused into the local design styling of architecture, furniture, food, as well as music. This gave rise to the tiki movement or what has come to be called “Polynesian Pop” which lasted from the late 1940’s all the way into the 1970’s, particularly on the west coast.
The restaurant industry kept this pacific theme alive for many years, also the baby boomers of the 1950’s, having grown up as children of the original proponents of tiki design, the service members themselves, continued this culture on in the United States. The Southwest, particularly the states of California, Nevada, and Texas have seen the great majority of this movement. When all the sailors, Marines, and soldiers returned from service in the south Pacific, they returned to ports and harbors in Hawaii, and then to California. While many returned to their native hometowns, a large portion stayed in the region and set up businesses, and homes being styled or themed in this exotic fashion.
Remnants of this design and cultural movement are still evident to this day in areas such as the coastal regions of California, as well as farther inland to Yucca Valley.
The 19th century housed a different meaning for New York City, it transformed into main port of entry for many immigrants. Still today its cultural and economic influences have made it one of the most important urban areas in the United States. By 1898 New York City was formed with the consolidation of Brooklyn, Manhattan, Queens, Staten Island, and The Bronx.
Throughout the first half of the 20th century the city became a world center for industry, commerce, and communication. In 1925 NYC overtook London as the most populous city in the world. With this increasing size in population crime rates and poverty levels also grew. Despite the effects of the Great Depression in the 1930’s NYC saw the building of some of the world’s tallest skyscrapers.
Along with many other major cities in the U.S., NYC suffered race riots, gang wars and industrial decline in the 1960’s. The rebirth of Wall Street in the 1980’s led the city to reclaim its role as the center of the world-wide financial industry. NYC flourished again in the 90’s as immigrants arrived from Asia and Latin American and also within the U.S.
Though like many good things tragedy hits as it did on September 11, 2001 when nearly 3,000 people were killed by a terrorist strike on the World Trade Center. In hard times the city pulled together and has since rebounded with not only the physical clean up of the site, but is planning to build the Freedom Tower that is intended to be exactly 1,776 feet tall, symbolic of the year the Declaration of Independence was written, on the site.
Both alike and different to New York City is Washington D.C. Like New York City with its many tourist attractions it differs as a place that holds many monuments and governments buildings. The architecture of the cities also differ greatly, Washington is known for its Roman inspired buildings with marble veneers’, where as New York is know for its gorgeous skyline with its piercing skyscrapers.
Between 1700’s and 1800’s Boston began to fill in marshes and swamplands to expand the cities center. The current state-house in Boston is located atop a small beacon hill that overlooks the waterfront. Eventually other school and institutions began to form in Boston during the late 1800’s and early 1900’s. Other schools such as MIT, Boston University, Boston College, and Northeastern University were built in the Boston area to attract other students. The High-tech movement was a result of Boston’s growth and funding through education. Companies such as Millipore, Genzyme, and Biogen Idec spawned from the ever-growing student population and money coming to students working in biotechnology.
Comparison: Washington, DC has a rich history very similar to Boston, however the layout and design of the city itself lends it to be lead on by a pure style, whereas Boston was created in the federal style. The Urban planning of the cities are also different, in that Boston’s water front played a large role in the economy and eventually lead Boston to become a strong international port unlike that of Washington DC which encompasses the national buildings essential to our nation’s history. Both cities maintain a lively history about them and maintain important implications about of countries history. Similarly both cities were constructed on waterfronts, and had to fill in many marshes to expand the cities borders.
The Candelabrum was originally found in the Nichols Family House located in Boston, Massachusetts. The new location for this fixture is The Breakers mansion located in Newport, Rhode Island. This house was a perfect new fit for the piece. It not only is also in the Northeast, but the new house’s style is very similar to the Boston household. Even though it has more of a French flair, then an English style it still contains extreme European influence. Unfortunately, the interior detailing of the home may be more intricate and voluminous then the previous site, but it contains a place that will allow the structure to become one with it’s environment. It will not only be the candelabrum that will speak words, but the area that surrounds it will also allow the viewers to contemplate styles and start fruitful discussions. The old environment was good in the sense that it was appreciated for its entire beauty, but there comes a point in time that an object needs to be among others that are similar in style and poise and this is the perfect location.
Compare: There are many similarities between the Breakers Mansion and New Orleans. They are both French inspired, very vibrant in color, and style. Through moldings and fencing, both places take a lot of pride in the detailing they possess. They also are both sites where there is a lot of emphasis on entertainment. There is entertainment with music; dancing and drinking are popular at both locations.
Contrast: Even though they are both similar locations, New Orleans and the Breakers Mansion are also very different as well. Though they both have emphasis on color, the Breakers contains colors pertaining to royalty such as gold, silver, red and deep purple. New Orleans colors are very bold and bright. New Orleans is also looked upon as a loud location, almost rambunctious in manner, whereas Newport is known as a quiet boating town.
Washington D.C, also known as the District of Columbia is the capitol of the United States. It is home to the Lincoln memorial, the White house and many other buildings that serve as government operations and memorials. This place is also a home to the Alexander Calder mobile. The reason this place serves a good location for the mobile is based on size and location.
Located along the Virginia and North Carolina boarders is Kerr Lake, it is a very popular tourist attraction. In its construction in 1952 between the counties of Vance, Warren, Granville (NC), and Mecklenburg (VA), it served as an electricity producer as well as a flood controller. The lake stretches over 850 miles of shoreline, and cover approximately 50,000 acres. The depth depending on the location on the lake can range anywhere from thirty feet to as deep as one hundred feet. It is believed to be named after John H. “Kerr,” who is believed to be the creator of Kerr Lake. The official name of Kerr Lake is “John H. Kerr Reservoir”. The Roanoke River flows into Kerr Lake. The lake is also upstream of Lake Gaston. Many who reside in North Carolina and Virginia see it as a place for many recreational purposes including fishing. The lake is said to carry a number of different fish including Bass, Catfish, Crappie and Bream. It also serves as an area for many camping grounds. These Camping grounds include Kimball point, County line and Hibernia. Many people also view it as a place where they are able to go motor boating and sailing. They can do so on three privately owned marinas. These marinas are Steele Creek, Satterwhite Point and Clarksville, http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Kerr_Lake. Furthermore, along the shorelines are get-away cabins for tourists that come from all over for these many attractions. Placed in few of the cabins are waterbeds, people who choose to have these cabins to accommodate them may have the intensions to gain the feeling of being closer to water and that relaxing feeling while doing the many water sport activities, however on the other hand the other cabins may have regular bed that contains a mattress, one who choose have a regular bed to accommodate them may enjoy the water, but may want to relax from the motioning of the water after engaging in the all the water sports all day. Another similar location maybe the east coast lines of North Carolina , which is also a tourist attraction, but also serves as a vacation area. The coast lines consist of beach shores, which give beach house accommodations.
There are many similarities between the tobacco bar and hookah bar. One of the obvious reasons is that they are both places where you go to smoke. Another reason is because of how simple both artifacts are in form.
A contrasting place is the Biltmore Estate. Although the Biltmore has a smoking room within in, the styles are both different. The Biltmore has a more complicated form rather than a simple one.
The pair of candlesticks which were originally found in the Nichols House Museum and were then placed by me in the Red Room of the White House, and then were next placed in the Red Room in the White House until now where I will place the White House in Washington D.C. Big leap. Our nation’s capital is home to many historic artifacts such as the pair of candlesticks, although many are currently in museums and other such places. Washington D.C. makes sense logistically to place the candlesticks not only because of the space and building choices earlier made, but because of the historical significance of the city itself. Even though this city has seen many changes, politically, stylistically, etc. it has remained true to being historically significant. Because the White House is such an important building to the entire country, it is important that the US capitol is where it is placed. Washington D.C. has its own flag, seal and is its own municipality, not belonging to any of the other states. Washington D.C. is a minority majority state. D.C. is similar to Boston, the location of the Nichols House Museum, in that it also has a large historic importance. Boston is one of the oldest cities in the US. Because of the historic ties in both cities, the candlesticks could easily be imagined in D.C. just as easily as in Boston. Washington D.C. is the host to many high profile museums and other such attractions. It has a wide population demographic that includes many ages and races.
Similar: Sandwich, Massachusetts is similar to both Boston and Washington D.C. in its historical richness. Sandwich, like D.C., has undergone many changes but has remained true to its original intent as a city.
Contrast: Ashville, North Carolina is very different from Washington D.C. in that is isolated and not in the public eye. Ashville is a remote and rather rural setting in contrast to the more urbanized city of Washington D.C.
Compare: The similarities of this location and New Orleans is that both locations were built around French heritage. New Orleans was a part of French territory until the Lousiana Purchase and the Biltmore estate is of French revolution architecture and style.
Brighton can be compared to Winston-Salem, North Carolina. Like the city of Brighton and Hove, Winston-Salem used to be two separate cities, Winston and Salem. Winston-Salem has also come along way in terms of population and growth. It is home of many business headquarters and is rated one of the best cities to live in with in the United States.
You can find this link in Morgan's post.
In contrast to New York City during the stock market crash, Brighton was burned by the french and took hundreds of years for the city to gain population. New York is known for being the largest city in America and is very industrialized, where Brighton is a place typically for day trippers and vacations.
This link is made from Ashleigh's post.
Pressing Past The Bedroom Wall
Worldly impact, an idea that one may come across when thinking of a worldwide embrace of a particular style, or a huge new advance in the ever so changing technology. However, although a linen press may not necessarily be one of the top ideas that come to mind, I believe it has greatly impacted our world. Of course there is the obvious need for storage, which is required by people everywhere. By fulfilling this need, the linen press is transforming the type of lifestyle that one may partake in, thus determining what type of place would allow for any such way of living. Judging by the furniture’s main function, providing extra storage (mainly for linens and more than likely, seasonal items), it’s easy to assume that this piece of furniture was not absolutely necessary, especially if those residents who were less fortunate could get along without it. It is my assumption that not every homeowner had a linen press present in the house. The linen press was one of arts and crafts style, which translates into hand craftsmanship and a costly price tag. This all just equates down to the simple fact that people living in poorer areas would, more than likely, had to make do with the basic storage pieces they did have, for example a trunk or dresser. The linen press is a great example of excess. Yes, even some furniture can be rather unnecessary. It points out the lagging drive to always want more. The linen press acts as separate storage for seasonal clothes/linens where a dresser or other cabinet would have done the job just as well.
Remaining in the realm of the upper class, this particular linen press was said to stay within the Whitehead family for the duration of its lifetime. The Whitehead family was responsible for the formation of the Byrdcliffe Arts and Crafts Colony. Being the head of the colony, the Whitehead’s linen press was kept in a place of high quality, creativity, and wealth. The actual place setting that the house resided, which contained the bedroom, that stored the linen press, who held the linens, was near Woodstock, NY.
Similar: The brass and copper coal scuttle, I believe has the same connotations about it as an object as that of the linen press. They both serve a function, however, they also both could be replaced by simpler and more basic items to perform those same functions. Although they are both effective, the linen press could be replaced by a dresser; and the coal scuttle could be exchanged with just a simple pal.
Contrasting: Opposite of mine, the Sheraton Tilt Top Dining Table, could not be replaced by any other piece of furniture. At most, the replacement would actually lose effectiveness in its functional capabilities.
Similar: Reading, England would be more similar to that of Culver City in California. There is a similarity because MGM has its largest studio here and is a great location for buildings, backdrops, landscapes and storage for props because it is so close to Hollywood. The MGM studio is a key part of Culver City like Huntley and Palmers is for Reading.
Different: A place that contrasts Reading would be Asheville, NC where the Victor Humpback Gramophone would be found. The reason these two contrast is because the Gramophone does not directly relate to the city in the way the Syrian Biscuit Tin relates to Reading.
modern new york apartment which could easily house Corbusier's petite loveseat
As already iterated in earlier blogs, I think the place that Le Corbusier's Petite Loveseat would be most at home in is New York City. New York is a city of immigrants, travelers, and cultured people. This fits Corbusier's style in that he referred to his design aesthetic as the "International Style."
New York is full of eclectic styles and many art, design, and literature movements formed there. From business professionals to guerrilla theater artists there is no stereotype to the owner of one of Corbusier's loveseats. The sleek modern design unites a myriad of people and New York is the perfect place for this piece since it is such a diverse city.
One can walk down the street of New York and see numerous vendors selling knock-off items such as fake Gucci and Prada purses, or bootleg movies, some of which are surprisingly well made. The petite loveseat is of such a simple form that another manufacturer can easily recreate it. The original steel structure however might be a little more difficult to replicate. Corbusier's loveseat is on the more expensive end of furniture, and New York being a city of immigrants one will certainly find cheaper replicas of this piece of furniture. Although not everyone can afford the original loveseat from Corbusier's LC2 collection, they can own a replica inspired by the luxurious modernity that Corbusier created in the petite loveseat.
sources: wikipedia.com, apartmenttherapy.com
Compare: Alexander Calder's mobile in Washington D.C. would also fit nicely with Corbusier's modern loveseat. Washington D.C. is also a "International City" in that people from all over the world live, practice buisness, or simply travel there for numerous reasons. Calder's mobile is modern and bold and would look fantastic in the same space as the petite loveseat.
Contrast: A place for a bean bag chair in New Orleans is contrasting to the sleek idea of the loveseat in that a bean bag chair is extremely casual. New Orleans is a bit more wild and colorful as a whole while New York encompases very neat and strict and modern ways of living as well as more casual environments.